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MACHUPICCHU

MACHUPICCHU

Machupicchu is a Historic National Sanctuary, protected by the Peruvian law N°001 81 AA-1981; for the main purpose to keep the geological formations and archeological remains inside its area, besides to protect its Flora, Fauna and its landscape beauty. The whole Park is 32,592 Hectares or 80 535 acres(325.95 km2) wide. Machupicchu Inca Town is located in km 112 (70 milles) on the way Cusco-Machupicchu Hydropower-Quillabamba railway. The old train station in this place is known as “Puente Ruinas” located on 2000 meters altitude. But nowadays the buses which are going to Machupicchu leaves from Aguas Calientes Town now call Machupicchu Town (2040 masl). Machupicchu is located at 2450 masl (8030 feet) altitude on 13°09’23’’ south latitude 72°32’34’’ west longitude. The wheatear in that area shows two clearly defined season round the year: the rainy season which goes from October to April and the dry season which goes from May to September.

Nevertheless, as Machupicchu is located at the boundary of Cusquenan Amazon Jungle, chances are to have rain or showers by any time of the year. But, those rain are not pouring even in the rainy season, like it he northern world hemisphere, but they are just gentle rain, so as conclusion visiting Machupicchu even in the rainy season is fully possible, the rain, and the cold are very gentle in South America, being them as a matter of fact very gentle compared to the weather changes in the North Hemisphere. On the hottest day, it is possible that the temperature to go about 30° Celsius (78.8° Fahrenheit),  and in the coldest early morning in June and July the temperature drop to -2° Celsius (28.4 Fahrenheit). So the average annual temperature in this area is 16° Celsius.

Machupicchu Historic National Sanctuary is located over the great granite orogenic structure baptized by Dr. Isaiah Bowman as the “Vilcabamba Batholith” white-gray granite which is about 400 square Km protruding big. Its Origen comes from the Palaeozoic or inferior Primary age as geological time, so it may be about 250 million years old. The Vilcabamba Batholith white-gray granite is an intrusive igneous rock cooled off magma very deep inside of the earth. Likewise in this region, there are some other rocks belonging in the inferior Palaeozoic age.

Machupicchu name, like most of the Quechua names in the region, is a compound word which come from Machu = Old or ancient, Picchu = Peak or mountain; therefore Machupicchu is is translated as “The Old mountain”. The famous mountain located in front, and so appearing in most of the classical views of this site is named Waynapicchu , a word a means Young Mountain. Unfortunately the original name of this places are lost. Machupicchu, Waynapicchu and some other names used at present time are comtemporary ones; ascribed probably by farmer living in the region before Hiram Bingham’s arrival. However, according to studies about some XVI century documents, the original name of the whole area might be Picchu.  

 

 

TOURS: MACHUPICCHU

SALKANTAY TREK

Salkantay Trek 5d/4n CLASSICAL TRAIL

Salkantay Trek 5d/4n CLASSICAL TRAIL

Salidas diarias, no esta sujeto a espacio, hay total disponibilidad. Disfrute del mejor trekking de Perú para ir a Machu ...

INCA JUNGLE TRAIL

Inca Jungle Trail 4d/3n CLASSICAL TRAIL

Inca Jungle Trail 4d/3n CLASSICAL TRAIL

INCA JUNGLE TRAIL (CLASSICAL FUNNY AND EASY TRIP) This alternative trek to Machu Picchu is one of the most complete in ...

HUCHUY QOSQO

Huchuy Qosqo 3D/2N

Huchuy Qosqo 3D/2N

HUCHUY QOSQO TO MACHU PICCHU by Tambomachay “Huchuy Qosqo” or “Kaqlla Cahuana”, place which was ...

HUCHUY QOSQO

HUCHUY QOSQO 3D/2N BY CHINCHERO

HUCHUY QOSQO 3D/2N BY CHINCHERO

HUCHUY QOSQO TO MACHU PICCHU by Tambomachay “Huchuy Qosqo” or “Kaqlla Cahuana”, place which was ...

LARES TREK

Lares trek 4 days / 3 nights CLASSICAL ALERNATIVE

Lares trek 4 days / 3 nights CLASSICAL ALERNATIVE

LARES TREK If you are looking for a comfort and tranquillity and something different as well, let’s hike through the ...

SALKANTAY TREK

Salkantay Trek 5d/4n BE LOCAL

Salkantay Trek 5d/4n BE LOCAL

SALKANTAY TREK If you couldn’t book in advance and have an available place in the classic inca trail, Don’t ...

SALKANTAY TREK

Salkantay Trek 3d/2n FAST HIKER

Salkantay Trek 3d/2n FAST HIKER

salkantay trip to machu picchu alternative trek to machu picchu enjoying peru holidays salkantay luxury trip to machu picchu ...

CUSCO CITY TOUR

Cusco Machu Picchu Valle Sagrado 4D/3N

Cusco Machu Picchu Valle Sagrado 4D/3N

SACRED VALLEY Many people wonder. Why is call Sacred Valley? Several books said: “because the big and great grain of ...