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The present time, the world worriness for keeping the natural areas free of pollution and with not disturbed wildlife, resulted in the national parks, Reserves and Historic Sanctuaries creation in Peru, which involve strictly preserved and protected territories reaching an approximately 5’833,648 Has. (58336 Km2; 22524 mile2) area covering about 4.54% of the national territory. In Inca region, the Machupicchu National Historic Park which all together involve 1’913,792 Has. (19137 Km2; 7389 mile2) covering 11% of the regional territory.

The Manu Park was created in May 29th – 1973; by Supreme Resolution 0644-73-AG, for the purpose determined the “El Manu Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO”, acknowledgement which at present time covers a territory of 1’881,200 Has. (18812 Km2, 7263 mile2) wide in Paucartambo province in Cusco department, and Manu in province in Madre de Dios department 81,5 % from all the protected territory belong of the core Zone which is strictly preserved in a natural state, 13,5% to the experimental or buffer zone which is saved and assigned for controlled research and tourism, and 5% to the Cultural Zone where there are human settlements.

To get to El Manu National Park by road, it is necessary  to depart from Cusco and follow the dusty road passing through Huancarani, Paucartambo, Patria, Pillcopata, Atalaya  and Salvacion where the Administration office of the Park is located, and to go on through Burgos to finally Shintuya, there are some boats  for rent for a day- long  journey following  the Alto Madre de Dios river downstream, passing through Ithahuania, Cruz de Mayo, Puerto Definitivo and Diamante, until arriving to Boca Manu where the Manu and Alto Madre de Dios river junction is located. Here the journey starts following the Manu River upstream in order to enter into the Park. It is possible to get to Boca Manu by small airplanes, hiring them from the airport in Cusco or Puerto Maldonado too.

Prior to any visit to El Manu Park, it is necessary getting information and the clearance given by the National Park Administration which headquarters are located in Cusco City at least three months in advance. The Park officials didn’t make any visitor-handbook with pertaining recommendations, dangers, restrictions, etc; so if would be great if they wrote something based on their gathered experiences since the Park was opened for tourism from 1980. So, all the information provide the Yawar Peru Team travel Agency the entry farther away from the reserve zone in the Panagua River boundary is allowed only for authorized researches, official visitors and Scientifics tourists group which had applied for entrance permits at least six months prior to the trip. At present time there is tourist lodge in the Cocha Juares zone; not being any lodging and eating sub-structures for tourist in other areas, thence visitor must take with them all the necessary food and goods for their subsistence as well as for their transportation and communication, so camping will necessary. The basic personal equipment is similar to that listed in this information order to carry out the inca trail to Machupicchu.

The Manu National Park and the Biosphere Reserve are located east of the eastern Range of the Peruvian Andes, and wholly included the bank of the Manu river and partially and the one of the Alto Madre de Dios river. The landscapes involved are diverse and found from the Amazonic Plains at 365 masl (1200 feet) altitude in Boca Manu, as high as 4020 masl (13200 feet) altitude in Waskar Mountain with steep and rough mountains. The altitude reference determine the climate variety from the hot and humid Amazon Jungle to the cold and dry Andean Highlands. The Temperature average change according to the altitude, thus in the lower area reaches about 24°C (75°F) and about 4°C (39°F) in the highlands. Likewise  the annual rainfall in the rainforest  goes over 4000 mm. (156 inches) while the one of the highland drops to 1000 mm. (39 inches). The hydrographic system made up of the river which flow down from the andes; which are torrential at their sources and quiet in the Amazonian plains. Those rivers volume change considerably between the dry and rainy season. The Manu River is reddish color, and its meanders after the successive change of the river bed made several “Cochas” or “oxbow lakes” which made up the main wild fauna environment.



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YawarPeru Team